Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis is a commonly used term that refers to an inflammation of the temporal artery. There is some confusion about terminology since this entity is also referred to as giant cell... Read more »

Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve. It is principally due to demyelinization and is closely associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Read more »

Tic Douloureaux

Trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) is a neuritis of the fifth cranial nerve, the trigeminal nerve. It is estimated to occur at a rate of 1.6 per thousand (internationally.) It occurs at a frequency... Read more »


There was a time when acute mastoiditis was the most common complication of otitis media (AOM). With the advent of antibiotics, this complication has become relatively rare. It is of interest that... Read more »


As a complaint, dizziness and vertigo are as common as back pain and headache. Any seasoned primary care physician will testify to the difficulties posed by dizzy patients. They can be both... Read more »

Spinal Stenosis

The causes of spinal cord narrowing and root compression are disk protrusion or narrowing, osteotic overgrowth, and vertebral shifting in the form of spondylolisthesis. Spinal stenosis is a specific term that refers... Read more »

Acute Hearing Loss

Acute hearing loss can be secondary to a simple, common cause or can be what is considered a medical emergency. It is a circumstance that should be looked upon as serious until... Read more »

Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic neuromas (more properly called vestibular schwannomas) arise from the Schwann cell sheath of either the vestibular or the cochlear nerve. They account for four-fifths of cerebellopontine angle tumors (the remaining 20%... Read more »


Headaches may accompany a variety of conditions of the head or neck. Read more »

Vision Loss

Acute vision loss may be caused by central retinal artery occlusion, central vein occlusion, temporal arteritis, optic neuritis, optic neuropathy, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, neovascular age-related macular degeneration, stroke, hysterical conversion reactions,... Read more »