Frontal lobe syndromes

There are three classically characterized syndromes that result from damage to the frontal lobes. Read more »

Neuro ICU rounding form

Designed for residents, fellows and medical students working in the neuro-ICU, this rounding worksheet helps you track important events in a patient’s clinical course and be prepared for rounds. Read more »
siadh, csw, diabetes insipidus

Cerebral Salt Wasting v. SIADH

Both cerebral salt wasting and SIADH (sometimes both together) are commonly found in patients with intracranial hemorrhages. Differentiating between the two has important clinical implications, since the interventions are different for each... Read more »

TBI Dysautonomia

Dysautonomia occurs in about a quarter (10% to 35%) of traumatic brain injury patients. TBI dysautonomia is characterized by a varible combination of signs ymptoms including tachycardia, hypertension (or hypotension), muscle rigidity, extensor posturing,... Read more »
Depiction of the meninges/membranes of the brain


The meninges are made up of three layers (dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that enclose the central nervous system. Working with the cerebrospinal fluid, they function to cushion and nourish the... Read more »

Spinal Stenosis

The causes of spinal cord narrowing and root compression are disk protrusion or narrowing, osteotic overgrowth, and vertebral shifting in the form of spondylolisthesis. Spinal stenosis is a specific term that refers... Read more »

Cervical Disc Disease

Cervical radiculopathy describes mechanical nerve root compression or intense inflammation, i.e, chemical radiculitis, that affects nerve roots as they exit the spinal foramen. Loss of disc height through aging and age-related foraminal... Read more »

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Compression of the neurovascular structures at the opening into the upper thorax is called thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). There are 3 narrow passageways within the route of the nerves from the brachial... Read more »

Neck Pain

Roughly 10% of Americans will get neck pain at some time in their lives. The causes of neck pain include degenerative processes, compression of neural structures, inflammatory, infection, tumors, disruption of resting... Read more »

Lumbar Disc Disease

The back derives its stability from what is called a functional spiral unit—2 adjacent vertebral bodies and the intervertebral disk. The term trijoint complex refers to a disk and 2 zygapophyseal joints... Read more »